The purpose of teaching English at primary level is to help students develop competence in all four language skills in English through meaningful and enjoyable activities. The primary curriculum has been revised in the light of the National Education Policy, 2010, which emphasizes learning English for communicating locally and globally. Based on the aims and objectives of Primary Education, the curriculum has set Subjectwise Terminal Competencies, Class-wise Attainable Competencies and Learning Outcomes comtents, Planned activities of English for the guidance of teachers, textbook writers and teacher trainers. Objectives
The main objectives of learning English at this level are:
I. to understand simple commands/ instructions/ requests and carry them out.
II. to speak English to talk about day to day life and fulfill communicative functions.
III. to read and understand different types of texts appropriate to the learners’ ability level.
IV. to write English to describe persons, objects, places and events and to express needs and feelings. The new English curriculum has taken the word ‘globally’ into consideration and hence set the teaching-learning activities in a more global context.
It has included ‘filling out forms’, interviews, etc. in the planned learning activities in class-5.
Some basic routine expressions needed for social interaction have been introduced at every level.
Emphasis has been given on Listening and Speaking as the foundation on which to develop Reading and Writing skills. Content for pronunciation, stress and intonation have been specified for each class.
Topics/themes have been suggested in a way that would help students address the needs of real life situations, for example, authentic texts such as announcements, instructions with or without signs/symbols, medical instructions, etc.
Suggestions have been made to include audio video materials for the development of Listening and Speaking skills, particularly for pronunciation.
Planned activities against most of the learning outcomes have been presented in a way to indicate teacher and student activities.
Teacher’s Training with prior emphasis on developing Teacher’s own language skills has been strongly suggested as what the teachers are expected to do in classroom to involve and engage the students in communicative language activities is directly linked with the teachers’ own competence in the language skills.
Inclusion of the English sound symbols with examples and explanations in the Teacher’s Guide has been suggested.
Suggestion has been made to include a section on sample classroom language in the Teacher’s Guide.
The proposed curriculum deems that the student-teacher ratio as suggested by the 2010 National Education Policy is a very important factor for students’ interaction in classroom as well as successful monitoring and evaluation of students’ progress, and must be maintained.